Friends General Conference

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Quakerism 101 - Quaker Spirituality, Theology, the Bible

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Session 2: Quaker Spirituality, Theology, and the Bible


Our second session will explore the nature of Quaker spirituality, the evolution of Quaker theology through history, and Friends' relationshiop with scripture.

Date: November 22, 1:00-3:00 pm


Facilitators: George Schaefer and Helene Pollock

George Schaefer is a staff member of Philadelphia Yearly Meeting.

Suggested Reading


Quaker terms and phrases.

Friends’ Spiritual Message

PhYM Faith and Practice section on Friends Spiritual Message.

More on The Light Within.

Continuing revelation.

Friends and the Bible

      PhYM Faith and Practice section on Friends, Scripture and Our Living Faith.

      Faith and Practice on Discernment of the Guidance of the Spirit.

Extracts from various Quaker writings on Quaker Spirituality in Faith and Practice.


Books and Pamphlets

Robert Barclay, Barclay’s Apology in Modern English, Dean Freiday, editor.

Thomas Kelly, A Testament of Devotion and The Eternal Promise.

Patricia Loring, Listening Spirituality: Personal Spiritual Practices Among Friends.

John Woolman, The Journal and Major Essays of John Woolman, Phillips Moulton, editor.

Douglas Steere, Quaker Spirituality.

Rex Ambler, Light to Live By: An Exploration in Quaker Spirituality.

Brent Bill, Mind the Light.

John Punshon, Alternative Christianity, Pendle Hill Pamphlet (PHP) #245.

John Punshon, Letter to a Universalist, PHP # 285.

Howard Brinton, The Religion of George Fox, PHP #161.